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U.S. Will Require Proof of Vaccination For All International Arrivals

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With the long-awaited news that the United States will soon end the 18-month travel ban for passengers from the EU, UK, Brazil, and other nations, changes are also coming to entry requirements for all foreign arrivals.

U.S. Will Require Proof of Vaccination For All International Arrivals

Starting in November, the U.S. will require all international passengers to show proof of being fully vaccinated to gain entry into the country. While the end of the EU travel ban is giving many travelers hope and anticipated entry into the States, the new vaccination clause will once again shut some individuals out. No jab, no entry.

Although the information put forth on the new rules has been somewhat wanting, here is what we know about the changing entry requirements into the U.S. so far.

Proof of being fully vaccinated will be required from all foreign arrivals

All arrivals by air will be required to show proof they’ve been fully vaccinated. Per the CDC, being fully vaccinated is defined as 2 weeks after their second dose in a 2-dose series, such as the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, or 2 weeks after a single-dose vaccine, such as Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen vaccine.

The types of vaccines the U.S. will accept is still under review, but it’s expected they will use the types that have been approved for emergency use by the World Health Organization, which include:

  • Moderna
  • Pfizer
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • AstraZeneca
  • Sinopharm
  • Sinovac
The WHO Advises Against Vaccine Passports For Travel

Paper copies of proof, like the CDC cards issued in the United States, will be accepted, as well as plans to acknowledge digital apps, like the EU's Digital Green Certificate.

In addition to proof of vaccination, all foreign arrivals will need to show a negative covid test

The negative test can be a rapid antigen, which is the easiest, cheapest, and fastest type test to obtain. Other approved test types include: NAAT, PCR, LAMP, TMA, NEAR, HAD.

The test must be taken at most 3 calendar days before entry into the U.S. For example: If the passenger's flight arrives into New York on Sunday, the test can be administered as far out as Thursday.

No quarantine period is in place.

Countries That Accept Rapid Antigen Tests For Entry

Different rules will apply for foreigners and citizens/residents of the U.S.

While all foreigners will have to show proof of vaccination in order to enter, the same rules will not apply to citizens or legal residents of the United States. The U.S. cannot restrict the entry of a citizen because of vaccination status, but the rules will slightly change for citizens returning home as well. Currently, any citizen/resident of the U.S. coming home must provide a negative test (like a rapid antigen for example), taken no longer than 3 calendar days before entry. Starting in November, the rules will be slightly different, dependent on vaccination status.

U.S. residents/citizens who are fully vaccinated will need to submit proof of vaccination and 3-day pre-flight test. The only thing that changes for this group is showing proof of vaccination before boarding their flight home.

U.S. residents/citizens who are unvaccinated will need to perform their pre-flight test in a very tight window frame of 1 calendar day instead of 3 and perform another test post-arrival. It is unknown if the post-arrival tests will be performed upon arrival at airports, or if it will be up to the individual to source the test and submit it independently.

What are the rules for Canadians entering the U.S. after November

Throughout the pandemic, Canadian citizens and residents have been able to enter the U.S. by air with only a 3-day negative antigen test, as have other nations not affected by the EU travel ban, like Mexico, Japan, etc.

Starting in November, Canadians along with other countries who have never been banned from entering will also have to provide proof of vaccination in addition to the 3-day negative test.

Will proof of vaccination need to be shown at land borders from Mexico and Canada?

The non-essential travel restrictions are still in effect at land border crossings until at least October 21, 2021. It is unknown if they will be removed in November, however, the new proof of vaccination rules are only expected to be in effect for air arrivals.

Will there be medical or religious exemptions for foreigners showing proof of vaccination?

Officials have not issued a statement in regard to exemptions, but if we review the border rules of other nations, we see that religious and medical exemptions do not exist for entry purposes, and therefore highly unlikely for the U.S.

What will entry rules into the U.S. be traveling with children?

Many nations around the world already have some sort of vaccination requirement for entry, and almost all of them make exceptions for children under the age of when they can be legally vaccinated.

The CDC suggests that children over the age of 12 can be safely vaccinated, so the proof of vaccination rules coming in November will likely be for all passengers 12 and over.  It is unknown at this time if children under the age of 12 traveling with fully vaccinated parents will face any additional restrictions, like increased testing.

NYC Skyline

To summarize the new entry rules starting in November

  • All foreigners entering must show proof of being fully vaccinated, along with a 3-day negative covid test
  • American residents/citizens returning home can show proof of being fully vaccinated, along with a 3-day negative covid test
  • American residents/citizens returning home who are unvaccinated will be required to provide a 1-day negative covid test, plus get tested again after arrival.
  • Contact tracing for foreign arrivals is expected to be put into effect.

We expect official rules and regulations to be released in October 2021.

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Opinions expressed here are the author’s alone, not those of any bank, credit card issuer, hotel, airline, or other entity. This content has not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of the entities included within the post.


Sunday 10th of October 2021

When I read these comments about Liberty being threatened, I think the Founding Fathers would weep that their hard fought freedom was being so debased. The purpose of the Constitution including the 2d amendment is to protect the Union and its citizens. Vaccination to prevent spread of disease and prevent deaths is acting to do just that. US citizens have the right not to follow medical advice as Jehovahs Witnesses have the right to forbid surgery or blood transfusions for themselves or their minor children. There are so many ways real freedom is imperiled in the modern world, those should be fought not measures to promote the Common welfare. As a frequent flyer I welcome the introduction of mandatory vaccinations on planes as much as I support the rights im the 2d amendment. I also welcome the end to US isolation. It is perhaps unfortunate President Trump’s order to remove the travel ban was the first thing President Biden reversed but let us look forward in a positive way.

Luz Barker

Thursday 30th of September 2021

What is president's plan of vaccination for all migrants coming from Haiti n Afghanistan? All should be vaccinated prior to entering Our country. Concerned citizen


Wednesday 29th of September 2021

We need to "follow the science". Which is that for the overwhelming majority of us, our natural immune systems are a million times more effective than this experimental drug. It is not about "safety", it is about political tyranny. And look who has to pay the price for it. Alas, America was once upon a time a free country, but not anymore.


Saturday 2nd of October 2021

@Atlas, This is completely false. Vaccine-induced immunity produces a much stronger and longer lasting antibody production response as compared to "natural" immunity (memory B-cells).


Wednesday 29th of September 2021

Will this also apply to the people crossing through the southern border? We have to follow the science.

Kashlee Kucheran

Wednesday 29th of September 2021

It is not expected for land border crossings from Canada or Mexico. Full details are expected in October.


Wednesday 29th of September 2021

What's an actual source of this news? I know EU, Brazil, India, South Africa and India are on the list. Where's the proof that I cannot enter US from Mexico without vaccine?

Kashlee Kucheran

Wednesday 29th of September 2021

The White House briefing from White House Coronavirus Coordinator, Jeff Zients, on September 21. Also click the link in the first line of the article, which takes you to our article on the end of the travel ban, and links to news sources like the Guardian about this topic. It's been covered by Reuters, The Hill, The Guardian, and 100+ other news sources. The new rules come into effect in November, and yes, proof of vaccination will be required for foreign arrivals when coming from Mexico by air